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HEAT TRANSFER ANALYSIS OF PEBBLE BED REACTORS AND ...

The Generation IV (Gen IV) very high temperature reactor (VHTR) will either be a prismatic (block) or pebble bed design. However, a prismatic VHTR reference design, based on the General Atomics Gas Turbine-Modular Helium Reactor (GT-MHR) [General Atomics, 1996] has been developed for preliminary analysis purposes [MacDonald, et al., 2003].

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Random detailed model for probabilistic neutronic ...

The pebble bed nuclear reactor is one of the main candidates for the next generation of nuclear power plants. In pebble bed type HTRs, the fuel is contained within graphite pebbles in the form of TRISO particles, which form a randomly packed bed inside a graphite-w

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Shidao Bay Nuclear Power Plant, Shangdong, China

The high-temperature reactor pebble-bed module (HTR-PM) is a new generation modular high-temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) with an outer diameter of 3m and a height of 11m. The reactor has inherent safety with fourth-generation safety features. China holds intellectual property rights for the HTGR technology.

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CFD Simulation of Pebble Bed Reactor for Various Gases

Pebble bed reactors (PBR) are a generation IV reactor type that offer notable advantages over traditional reactors in size, safety, and cost of construction. This makes PBRs a very attractive alternative to the more complex reactors designs currently operating while also offering a possible solution to increasing energy demands. In PBRs, the coolant is typically gaseous helium (He).

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Researchers develop advanced model to improve safety of ...

May 21, 2021· Dr. Jean Ragusa and Dr. Mauricio Eduardo Tano Retamales from the Department of Nuclear Engineering at Texas A&M University have been studying a new fourth-generation reactor, pebble-bed reactors.

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China's high temperature reactor - pebble bed modular (HTR ...

Sep 14, 2021· As the world's first pebble-bed modular high-temperature gas-cooled reactor, the demonstration project used more than 2,000 sets of equipment for the first time, and more than 600 sets of innovative equipment, including the world's first high-temperature gas-cooled reactor spiral-coil once-through steam generator.

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Next Generation Reactors: Safe and Economical Tools for ...

Nov 16, 2017· The most advanced gas-cooled reactor to date, the High Temperature Reactor-Pebble-bed Module (HTR-PM), is currently under construction in China. This modular reactor is designed to optimize energy efficiency and is ideal for adding small incremental capacity to power grids, said Yuliang Sun, Deputy Director and Deputy Chief Engineer at Tsinghua ...

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How does a pebble bed nuclear reactor avoid the fuel ...

Great question, and an important design consideration that must be assured for the safety case with a regulator. There are a number of factors to consider here: 1. Spheres, if kept at the right density and with very smooth hard surfaces are very u...

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Experimental study of helium purge flow in pebble bed for ...

Sep 09, 2011· Y. Seki, S. Suzuki and E. Enoeda, CBBI-16, September 8-10, 2011. Slide 8. Analysis of behavior of He purge gas in breeder pebble beds. By taking into account the distribution of the tritium generation rate

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Next Generation Nuclear Plant

Pebble Bed Modular Reactor (Pty) Ltd. April 2009 Cobus Bruwer Pebble Bed Modular Reactor (Pty) Ltd. April 2009 Rudolf Bester ... 800°C and a plant configuration with only steam generation, i.e. - without a hydrogen process facility. DRLs noted herein for the SCCs are the DRLs as given in the previous issue of the report and have not been ...

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The Allure of TRISO Nuclear Fuel Explained

Mar 01, 2021· China, notably, has made remarkable progress to develop TRISO-coated particle fuel for its Shidaowan HTGR pebble-bed module (HTR-PM), a Generation IV reactor. Fuel loading (Figure 2) at that ...

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Making a case for white light-emitting diodes in the ...

Aug 01, 2007· There is also increased pressure for investments in new generation capacity, with all options including the Pebble Bed Modular reactor (PBMR), the Open Cycle Gas Turbines (OCGT) as well as renewable resource technologies being pro-posed. Despite all these concerted efforts it is wide-ly regarded that demand-side technologies, with education ...

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Pebble Bed Modular Reactors Versus Other Generation ...

Sep 14, 2017· II. PEBBLE BED MODULAR REACTOR 1. Technical OverviewThe Pebble Bed Modular Reactor (PBMR) is a heliumcooled, graphite-moderated Generation IV nuclear reactor that uses tristructural-isotropic (TRISO) fuel and operates at very high temperatures.

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X-energy is Developing a Pebble Bed Reactor That They Say ...

Jan 05, 2021· X-energy. (link is external), located just outside the nation's capital in Rockville, Maryland, is working on a pebble bed, high-temperature gas-cooled reactor that the company says can't melt down. The company's Xe-100 reactor and specialized uranium-based pebble fuel could be available in the market as early as the late 2020s.

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Gas dynamics and heat transfer in a packed pebble-bed ...

GAS DYNAMICS AND HEAT TRANSFER IN A PACKED PEBBLE-BED REACTOR FOR THE 4. TH. GENERATION NUCLEAR ENERGY . by RAHMAN ABDULMOHSIN A DISSERTATION Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School of the MISSOURI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree DOCTOR OF …

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NEUTRONIC ANALYSIS OF PEBBLE BED CORES WITH …

small configuration adjustments, the pebble-bed design can be tweaked to produce desirable spectral shifts. The future operation of Generation IV nuclear energy systems

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Pebble-Bed Design Returns - IEEE Spectrum

Nov 01, 2001· Exelon describes its pebble-bed design as a hybrid combining parts of the gas-cooled reactors of the past with new engineering. The plant consists of a steel reactor pressure vessel that is 6 ...

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High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactors Lessons Learned ...

10 MWt pebble-bed 700-950 C (China) 2000-present HTTR 30 MWt prismatic 950 C (Japan) 1998-present Fort St. Vrain 842 MWt prismatic ~800 C (USA) 1976-1989 Dragon 20 MWt prismatic 750 C (UK) 1964-1975 AVR 46 MWt pebble-bed >900 C (FRG) 1967-1988 Peach Bottom 1 115 MWt prismatic ~700 C (USA) 1966-1974 THTR 750 MWt pebble-bed 750 C …

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The Pebble Bed Modular Reactor - Arizona State University

[1] Yoshiaki Ichihara, A Perspective on Nuclear Power Generation in the Future Electric Power Industry - For Nonspecialists in the Electric Power Related Industries, in Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 89, No. 12, December 2001. [2] Jenny Weil, Pebble-Bed Design Returns, in IEEE Spectrum, November 2001, pg. 37 - 40.

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Towards the Direct Numerical Simulation of a Nuclear ...

Mesh Generation for Pebble Bed 28 Number of grid point ~ 15 M Results (DNS, 1 Cubic, M/7) Number of grid point = ~ 13.5 M Computational domain = 0.092*0.092*0.092 m3 wall normal direction < 1 azimuthal direction ~ 5 cross-sectional directions ~ 5-7

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Researchers develop advanced model to improve safety of ...

May 21, 2021· Researchers develop advanced model to improve safety of next-generation reactors. by Laura Simmons, Texas A&M University. Pebble-bed reactors use passive natural circulation to cool down, making it theoretically impossible for a core meltdown to occur. Credit: Dr. Jean Ragusa and Dr. Mauricio Eduardo Tano Retamales/Texas A&M University Engineering.

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The Pebble Bed Modular Reactor - Institute for Energy and ...

The Pebble Bed Modular Reactor (PBMR), like most new reactor ideas, is a reincarnation of an old reactor idea. In this case the old idea is the "high temperature gas reactor" or HTGR, that then was proposed in a modular version, known as the MHTGR. The PBMR is a variant of the HTGR.

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Next Generation Nuclear Plant: A Report to Congress ...

Apr 30, 2010· The pebble bed design uses hundreds of thousands of tennis ball-sized spherical fuel elements called pebbles. The pebbles are stacked together in contact with each other like gumballs in a vending machine. The pebbles are added at the top, circulate through the reactor core, and are removed from the bottom.

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A future for nuclear energy: pebble bed reactors

pebble bed reactor largely because it was a new technology from the standpoint of public awareness. Its inherent safety features could be easily explained without ... existing generation, utilities have chosen to re-license existing plants from the current 40 years to 60 years. Many nuclear plants have applied and received Nuclear Regulatory

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HTR-PM - Wikipedia

It is a high-temperature gas-cooled (HTGR) pebble-bed generation IV reactor partly based on the earlier HTR-10 prototype reactor. The reactor unit has a thermal capacity of 250 MW, and two reactors are connected to a single steam turbine to generate 210 MW of electricity.

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Pebble Bed Reactors - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

One is the pebble-bed reactor, the other is the use of the HTGR in a Brayton cycle using a gas turbine for power generation. The first of these saw actual construction and operation. In pebble-bed reactors, the fuel and some or all of the moderator material are mixed together and made into spherical pebbles.

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A review of pebble flow study for pebble bed high ...

The pebble bed high temperature gas-cooled reactor is a promising generation-IV reactor, which uses large fuel pebbles and helium gas as coolant. The pebble bed flow is a fundamental issue

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A review of pebble flow study for pebble bed high ...

Jun 11, 2019· The pebble bed high temperature gas-cooled reactor is a promising generation-IV reactor, which uses large fuel pebbles and helium gas as coolant. The pebble bed flow is a fundamental issue for both academic investigation and engineering application, e.g., reactor core design and safety analysis. This work performed a review of recent progress on …

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Pebble bed modular reactor—the first Generation IV …

§Pebble Bed Modular Reactor (Pty) Ltd, Lake Buena Vista Building, 1267 Gordon Hood Avenue, Centurion 0046, Republic of South Africa Substantial interest has been generated in advanced reactorsoverthepastfewyears.Thisinterestismotivated by the view that new nuclear power reactors will be needed to provide low carbon generation of electricity

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Pebble bed reactors, friction, and cooling -- ANS ...

May 25, 2021· The pebble bed: Jean Ragusa and Mauricio Eduardo Tano Retamales from the Department of Nuclear Engineering at Texas A&M University have been studying a fourth-generation reactor—the pebble bed reactor—which uses spherical fuel elements (known as pebbles) and a fluid coolant (usually a gas). "There are about 40,000 fuel pebbles in such a …

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Nuclear 'Power Balls' May Make Meltdowns a Thing of the ...

Jun 30, 2020· The Xe-100 is a small pebble-bed reactor that is designed to produce just 75 megawatts of power. (For the sake of comparison, the smallest operating nuclear reactor in the US today produces around ...

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[PDF] Flow Analysis in the Core of Pebble Bed High ...

This paper presents a numerical investigation of thermal-fluid dynamics processes through the gaps of the spherical fuel elements (fuel pebbles) in the core of a Pebble Bed Reactor (PBR), using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). The PBR is a Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) design to the Generation IV International Forum (GIF). The PBR is one of the most …

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